From King’s Road to US 421 — Roads to Federal Point, NC

Part II

By: Rebecca Taylor

We know that the first road to the Federal Point area was the “King’s Road,” with its colonial ferry to Brunswick Town on the western bank of the Cape Fear River which was in existence by the mid 1700s. However it would be a long and sometimes twisting path until the area was truly connected to the state and national highway system in the twentieth century. Some of the early attempts at road building in the lower portion of New Hanover County are documented in the Bill Reaves Files, as follows.

December 18, 1874:

A bill was introduced in the State House at Raleigh to incorporate the Wilmington and Federal Point Plank Road. WILM.STAR 10-20-1874

 January 7, 1878:

Henry G. Davis resigned as overseer of the Federal Point Road, and W. H. Williams was appointed to the position at a meeting of the New Hanover County Commissioners.   WILM.STAR, 1-8-1878.

 March 3, 1896 :

The appropriation for a public road in Federal and Masonboro Townships was reconsidered, and on motion $500 was appropriated for the road known as the “New Federal Point and Masonboro Road.”  W.D. Rhodes was appointed to superintend work on the new road.  WILM.DISPATCH, 3-3-1896.

 

May 5, 1896:

New Hanover County Commissioner Montford, who had been appointed to examine the work done on the new public road, called the new Federal Point road, reported that the work had been done well under the supervision of Mr. D.S. Rhodes.  Seven miles of the road had been beautifully graded and only about a mile remains to be completed.  WILM.MESSENGER, 5-5-1896.

 

February 8, 1898:

The new Federal Point road delegation asked for a special appropriation of $250 to change the course of about 2 miles of their road, starting about 8 miles from the city.  The cost would be for 7,000 yards of ditching.  It was claimed that the change would save the traveling of about 4 miles of deep sand road for quite a number of people in that section. Messrs. Hines and Horne were spokesmen for the delegation.    WILM.STAR, 2-8-1898.

 

March 26, 1907:

Members of the Board of County Commissioners went down into Federal Point and Masonboro Townships to confer with committees of citizens representing rival delegations urging the permanent improvement of one of the county roads leading into that section.  The Commissioners are at sea as to which of two routes to adopt, the people of the townships differing upon which is best.  Messrs.  Melvin Horne, Owen Martindale and Horton Freeman urged the adoption of the old Federal Point Road, and Messrs. G. W. Trask, George W. Rogers and D. J. Fergus urged the adoption of the “Masonboro route.”  A decision was postponed until the next meeting.  WILM.STAR,   3-28-1907.

 

February 21, 1910:

Fales Collection, NHCPL

“Good Roads Rally” was held at Carolina Beach by citizens of Federal Point Township, for the purpose of discussing the good roads question.  It was attended by a number of enthusiastic persons.  The meeting was presided over by Mr. J. H. Williams. 

One of the features of the session was a strong and forceful speech by Mr. J. D. Fergus.  In his remarks he called attention to the great need in Federal Point Township for good roads.  He believed that the township had been discriminated against as not a mile of good road had yet been installed in the township. 

He called attention to the fact that the loop now being made with the Masonboro road would not come within a mile of Federal Point Township.  A committee of five drafted strong  resolutions calling upon the county commissioners for relief.  The meeting was held at Kure’s at Carolina Beach with a big free oyster roast and fish fry.  WILMINGTON  DISPATCH,  2-17-1910;  2-22-1910.

 

MARCH 16, 1915 :

The contractor had his convicts at work on the new road at Carolina Beach, the 7 ½ miles between the “Loop” road and the beach.

From a historical standpoint this stretch of road south of the “Loop” was one of the most interesting in the county. By the roadside could be seen the famous double breastworks used by the Confederates to defend this section from invasion, while at intervals could be seen long avenues, leading to the sound from the river.  These roads were hundreds of years old and were used until later years in the salt making industry, which was of quite large proportions here at one time.

 A short distance further to the right going down to the beach, was Sedgeley Abbey, the historical old ruins spoken of in Mr. James Sprunt’s new book, “Chronicles of the Cape Fear.” This old mansion was connected with the sound by means of a perfectly straight avenue which could still be dimly seen.

Further down on the river side a half mile from the road, was the site of the famous old Gander Hall, whose colonial owner made himself a joke forever in this community by going into the business of raising geese. Preferring to raise the large white ones exclusively, he purchased scores of that kind, with the result that he had a farm full of ganders and not a lady goose in the bunch. It was also interesting to notice the red cedar telephone poles which line the roadside.  These were used by the government during the Spanish-American War to connect Wilmington by telegraph with a signal station shortly this side of the beach in order that Wilmington might be warned of the approach of the anticipated Spanish fleet.  Later the poles were sold to a telephone company when all danger was past. WILM.DISPATCH, 3-15-1915.